Export Sea Freight

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A Guide to Export with Ocean and Sea Freight

Ocean freight (or sea freight) is the most popular mode of transport for importers and exporters, accounting for 90% of all commodities shipped globally. Furthermore, export ocean freight is more practical for shipments that are heavy and cannot be transported through air freight. Additionally, ocean freight is also environmentally friendly as it does not emit harmful gases. 

It is a common belief that the most challenging component of international shipping is the organisational problem of transporting goods from one location to another. After all, your organisation must coordinate between the shipper and the recipient in order to deliver the items in excellent shape on time. Unfortunately, managing your ocean freight shipping documentation is another important challenge that your organisation must conquer.

Here are a few things you need to know about export sea freight:

1. Forms for Freight Shipping

To transport commodities from one location to another, an extensive number of freight shipping forms are required. While you would not need all of these documents for every shipment, it is critical to understand the purpose of each form and the needs for each.

2. A Bill of Lading

A Bill of Lading is essentially a contract between the items’ owner and the transporter. Domestic shipments are treated similarly. There are two types of Bills of Lading: non-negotiable and negotiable. The distinction is that a negotiable Bill of Lading can be bought, sold, or traded while the items are in transit, whereas a non-negotiable Bill of Lading cannot.

3. Commercial Invoice 

A commercial invoice will be included with your shipment paperwork. A business invoice is a bill for products issued by a seller to a buyer. When calculating tariffs and customs charges, governments frequently use these invoices to estimate the true value of the items. Countries that rely on commercial invoices to control imports typically stipulate the information that these invoices must contain. You may also be required to supply extra copies of the commercial invoice.

4. Certificate of Origin

Some countries would require a Certificate of Origin. This is simply a signed statement outlining the location of the export item’s origin. Certificates of Origin are typically signed through semi-official groups such as the local Chamber of Commerce. It is crucial to note that a Certificate of Origin may be necessary even if the business invoice includes the same information.

5. Certificate of Inspection

Depending on the country, you may be required to include an inspection certification with specific transactions. A third party or independent testing body is normally in charge of the examination.

6. Export Packing List

Domestic shipments frequently necessitate a packing list, but an export packing list is far more comprehensive and detailed. An export packing list lists the contents of each package as well as information on the package type.

The packing list is used by the shipper or forwarding agent to calculate the overall weight and to ensure that the correct cargo is sent. Customs officials in Malaysia and other countries might utilise this export ocean freight packing list to inspect the container as well.

7. Insurance Certificate

An insurance certificate is intended to reassure the consignee that insurance will cover cargo loss or damage while in transit. The insurance certificate will specify what is and is not covered, as well as the amount of coverage.

We understand the documentation for export sea freight can be daunting to our customers. This is why we at Uniqtrans Logistics Sdn Bhd are happy to guide you should you need it.

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